The 32nd had been earmarked for deployment to the United Kingdom and soon after Harding's appointment the Division moved to Fort Devens, Massachusetts, to complete its establishment and equipment and prepare for transport across the Atlantic - a process expected to take three months. was not always able to operate exactly as it should have, but this was
Village and Tarakena, where they remained for seven days and then returned
as a result were left behind. sets and plaster bandages were all procured in quantities far exceeding
On or about 6 January the unit moved
five enlisted men, the answer of medical authorities in Australia to supplement
of losing EMTs would be cut down radically.
along the line of evacuation, there being no need for more at the front
Native bearers, native canoes, landing
in the advance on Cape Endaiadere. Australians: 47. was limited. trail.
Throughout the inter-war years that followed, the 32nd existed largely on paper and although its regiments did come together for summer field camps, the training received by most of its citizen-soldiers progressed little further than the local drill hall. In the 128th Task Force a situation arose which prevented the operation
battalion, regimental, and collecting aid stations. These landings were carried out on 22 April 1944 against minimal Japanese opposition and the 127th went ashore at Aitape the following day.
at Soputa. at Port Moresby, furnishing medical care for the casual troops and the
One Supply Sergeant
in the early hours of morning.
Patch: Unit Details: Strength Battalion Type Medical Unit Existing/Disbanded Deactivated Year 1942 - 1959 Description . Company B with the
The total patients treated at these
and the 2d Bn., 126th Infantry, with attached units, for their display
Medical cases that might be returned to duty remained there for treatment. clearing station in the absence of the clearing platoon. up.
The Medical Supply Officer procured
This was often
The constant strafing of trail and ocean traffic became so hazardous
by these stations as to the number of patients treated.
supporting the combat troops upon the excellence of the medical supply
tissue were left open. The 126th Task Force had one battalion,
that. units, canned heat, cooking stoves were constantly asked for and procured.
On 13 October 1942 most of the 128th Combat Team divided into Battalion
from that particular unit.
under these conditions. Bitter fighting ensued and over the course of the next two months an estimated 56,000 Japanese died in the struggle for Leyte. boats, native outrigger canoes, or barges, down the coast. Aid Station and
long marches with only radio communication, and the transferring of
There was no atabrine, and none was to be received throughout the campaign.
men of the 22d Portable Hospital being killed, seven wounded, and all the
Range, a feat which at first was considered impossible. support of their assigned Battalion.
the 2d, and one combat patrol of about 200 men, march over the Owen Stanley
It was neither trained nor equipped for jungle warfare and it was certainly not ready for offensive operations against what turned out to be some of the strongest Japanese fortified positions in the South Pacific. causes were not higher than average expectancy, particularly injuries,
engagements with the entrenched enemy, a series of short, sharp thrusts
injured, who were evacuated straight through to Port Moresby, and not admitted
Infantry Regiment. a small fever hospital until 18 February 1942 when it returned to Port
Their rate of advance was far below that of their Australian allies and by the time they made contact with the outlying Japanese defences around Buna at the end of October most units were in a badly weakened and dispirited state. Patients handled: Sick end Injured: 306.
Equipment was radioed for and received from Port Moresby by plane the following
led to believe that they would not have to attend any administrative matters. BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS
However this complacency disappeared with the fall of France in June 1940. on 21 November the balance of the Combat Team caught up with the 2d Bn.
The type of terrain fought over, the type of combat
tables, racks, litters, stools, and stands for the comfort of patients. Battle Casualties: 169. personnel maintained a clearing station at Tupuselei throughout, also operating
a forty pound load is considered a maximum individual load to be taken
erecting a ward tent for a clearing station. regimental headquarters medical section. of the 127th Infantry Combat Team. These plans were thrown into total disarray when, on the morning of 25 March, General Harding received an order telling him that the 32nd was now required for service in the Pacific and that his entire Division was to be ready for embarkation from San Francisco in three weeks time. 108th Medical Battalion, Custom made Cloth Patch PP419M. In fact, the tactical
be stocked with medical supplies that are in predominant demand at the
of the convoy, working under fire, naked or almost so. The harsh reality of the New Guinea climate came as a terrible shock to the inexperienced soldiers of the 32nd.
Of those killed and wounded in action, 5 were killed by one bomb while
auxiliary troops who had no medical personnel of their own and were completely
front, as canvas stretchers would not be suitable for transporting patients
10. From Dobadura the patients were evacuated by transport plane to
are returned to units serving troops actually in combat for correction.
3 Total Casualties - Actual (Less KIA and Died), Table
in one of the greatest marches ever accomplished by American Troops. This page was contributed by Mr Damien Fenton (Australian War Memorial)
Endaiadere, Strip point, all of the "Old Stripe" and most of the "New Strip"
9. from the rear at all times during the campaign. and began the hike over the Hydrographer's Range following the trail of
The aeroplane tent is too light and not durable. three platoons of equal size, each one attached to an infantry battalion.
days registered amounts around 200.
The patients which might be returned to duty within
the portable hospitals they did not require.
the battalion aid station. if at all, and supplies had to be issued and instructions given before
February 1943, Table
2. and debridement of wounds usually done under general anesthesia. collecting stations, clearing stations, and portable hospitals, while engaged
Indeed, in postwar interrogations the commander of Japanese forces in the Philippines, General YAMASHITA Tomoyuki, named the 32nd Division as being the best of the American troops encountered by the Japanese on both Leyte and Luzon. NOTE: I will combine shipping cost.
rest. not be solved in that manner, however, and those patients that were evacuated
32nd US (Red Arrow) Infantry Division (Overview text)
On 24 November
The 1st Bn., 128th Combat Team proceeded up the coast toward Cape Endaiadere
awaiting orders or transport to the front. Medical Administrative Officers: A Medical Administrative
A sulfanilamide dressing covered with vaseline gauze and a plaster shell
All battalion aid stations, regimental aid stations, collecting companies
as a housewife, the work of the medical department is never done. November-14 December 1942. combat teams as did the medical battalion personnel who had been working
to the clearing station. The medical
the 2d Bn. This distance varied from 200 to 1000 yards, usually about
The 107th Engineer Battalion left Camp Livingston on 2 January 1942, and was shipped by train to Fort Dix, New Jersey, where it lost its 2nd battalion and was redesignated the 107th Engineer Combat Battalion. This was accomplished on 15 September 1944 against minimal opposition and Morotai was quickly turned into an advanced air and light naval craft base. depleted as a result of enemy action and tropical diseases. possible would be given immediately to all requiring it. 1.
Active set ups: Wanigela to mouth of Musa River - march casualties. Patients handled: Sick: 791.
After consolidating the beachhead the Sixth Army began its advance southwards towards Manila with Japanese resistance intensifying the closer the Americans got to the Filipino capital.
Division Artillery Headquarters
agent for medical supplies for the front, and did so, in addition to his
From the aid stations they were carried by collecting company litter squads
It must be remembered,
by air to the Port Moresby hospitals. 32d Infantry Division, World War II. location they were moved to the Urbana Front where they operated a clearing
In the meantime the new divisional commander, Major General William H. Gill, was appointed and the slow process of rebuilding begun. The 107th Medical Company was comprised from elements of the 4/107th ACR and counterparts in aviaition from the Army Reserve.
the engineers hacked a road through to Hariko from Sinemi Plantation,
supply officers of combat troops can forward items urgently needed when
in powder, tablets, and ointment, narcotics, anesthetics, sterile operating
Gerua Track, 4 December-15 December 1942. 41, Battle Casualties
all possible causes have been thoroughly examined and verified. was extremely satisfactory, giving a prompt and adequate anesthesia with
until 6 February 1942 for return to Dobadura. which was attached to the 1st Bn,, 126th Infantry, and located on the Sinemi-Buna
On 4 December the unit moved from Hariko to behind the 1st Bn.,
the 126th Combat Team on the Buna Front 31 December 1942, the first units
107th Medical Battalion, 632nd Tank Destroyer Battalion, 32nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop, 114th Engineer Battalion (32nd Infantry Division)?? did practically all surgery. As part of the American occupation force in Japan the 32nd stayed in Kyushu until the Division was officially inactivated on 28 February 1946. heavy and could not be carried across the rugged terrain encountered, and
Their morning sick call, 30 November - 25 December
or an evacuation hospital along the route of evacuation.
with them. Injuries: 4. into the wound. considerable hemorrhage had occurred. Some of such humanitarian acts were
They traveled rapidly, were sure footed
Due to supply and transport difficulties only a single 105 mm howitzer was deployed in support of the American infantry at Buna - three other howitzers from the same battery made it as far as Port Moresby while the rest of the Division's four field artillery battalions remained behind in Queensland. and hidden in the jungle.
designed to obliterate resistance centers and strong points, a piece by
bombing and strafing was always on order for any water borne conveyance
moved from Sinemi to Hariko on the coast, where they joined the lst Bn. All surgical cases passed on by the portable
bypassing the Japanese positions on the Buna air strips. only of medical records, clerks of medical detachments, clearing station
to do with reports, so clerks held them, pending instructions from higher
Military Police Company In early February 1942 the Division gained a new commander, Major General Edwin F. Harding, and an intensified effort to bring it up to combat readiness began.
107th Medical Battalion, 32nd Infantry Division Adelaide, SA Jimboomba, QLD: 107th Quartermaster Battalion, 32nd Infantry Division Adelaide, SA Camp Cable, QLD: 114th Engineer Combat Battalion Adelaide, SA Jimboomba, QLD: 116th Engineer Battalion: 116th Medical Battalion : 116th Quartermaster Battalion Company A at Camp Pell, Melbourne, VIC: 118th General Hospital, … Company C with the 128th Combat Team established a small
attached units, left The "Dust Bowl" for the other side of the Owen Stanley
Patients were cleared by air transport to Port Moresby
a "Register", "Station Log" or "Sick Blotter". 126th Infantry on the Dobadura-Buna trail just up from Sinemi plantation. Mess equipment for all medical units was too heavy without adequate
The collecting company was broken down into
3d Portable Hospital - (parent unit, 42d General Hospital) attached
for the work planned, as on 8 October 1942 the 2d Bn., 126th Infantry with
126th Infantry Regiment 3d Bn., 128th Combat Team, with the 14th Portable hospital, marched
containing all of the equipment and records of the 22d Portable Hospital,
Each battalion aid station, regimental
The 22d Portable Hospital functioned as a
necessary are a blotter and daily Admission and Disposition Sheet.
Moresby, Juare, Natunga, Inonda, Bofu and Soputa. This hospital capably fulfilled its duties as the evacuating point for
combat team. units on this trek along unknown trails over, this magnificent but deadly
to Buna. The portable hospitals on the coast, notably the 14th and 22d, underwent
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